Tuesday, April 17, 2007

Splintered Remainders

Le Triton - under water breathing apparatus

The first diving suit

Klingert's 1797 diving suit

I *think* the top picture shows the crude breathing device made by Sieur Freminet in 1771. Unfortunately it was a closed rebreathing system and he died after 20 minutes under water from a lack of oxygen.
[Later: the origin of that picture is a mystery. It's not Freminet. The citing about Freminet's death pretty well contradicts the description in the french article below, which attests to his diving over a 10 year period using the rebreathing device. Hm. Thanks w o.]

The other 2 images show views of what is considered by many to be the first recognised diving suit (Karl Heinrich Klingert , 1797). "It consists of a jacket and trousers made of waterproof leather, a helmet with a porthole, and a metal front. It is linked to a turret with an air reservoir. The reservoir cannot replenish itself, so the suit has a limited dive time duration."

Hungarian mine map 1780

miners underground in Hungary

mineral crystal in Hungary 18th cent.

crystal formations from Hungarian geology book

The above images come from a selection of historical geology, mineralogy and mining books from Hungary (some are in german and some, hungarian). I know the first image comes from 'Fichtel - Beytrag zur Mineralgeschichte von Siebenbürgen 1-2.Nürnberg, 1780'.

Japanese print - slaying bear and sea monster 1883

'Slaying the Big Bear and the Sea Monster' - 1883
This is a satire about the impeachment of the incumbent political heavyweights, the founder of Mitsubishi and the largest Japanese ship owner by politicians from a rival party. (somewhere in the Kosho section at Waseda University)

Tahiti jungle scenes - 1845 USA expedition

United States Exploring Expedition 1845 - Tahiti map

1845 United States Exploring Expedition - East Maui Crater map 1845

1845 Crater map - Hawaii
The Tahitian jungle scenes and maps of Tahiti and Hawaii come from 'Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition During the Years 1838, 1839, 1840, 1841, 1842. By Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. Commander Of The Expedition, Member Of The American Philosophical Society, Etc. In Five Volumes, And An Atlas. Philadelphia: Lea & Blanchard. 1845.'

And at the time of posting this I've found that the Smithsonian Institution has a large web exhibition devoted to the expedition ('The United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842') but they have posted their maps in greyscale so the above images are better in my opinion, despite the age related damage.

Zuni Pueblo dance 1878 New Mexico

'The cacina, a sacred dance, at the Zuni Pueblo, New Mexico'
IN: 'Report upon United States Geographical Surveys West of the One Hundredth Meridian, in charge of Capt. Geo. M. Wheeler, Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army' 1875-1889.

The Tahiti/Hawaii and Native American images are part of the new upload (>1000 images) to the David Rumsey Historical Map Collection (via: The Map Room).

1775 Octants and Sectants from England

From: 'Description des octants et sextants anglois, ou quarts de cercle a reflection, avec la maniere de servir de ces instrumens, pour prendre toutes sortes de distances angulaires, tant sur mer que sur terre : précédée d'un mémoire sur une nouvelle construction de ces instrumens; et suivie d'un appendix, contenant la description et les avantages d'un double-sextant nouveau' (1775) - João Jacinto de Magalhães.

O engenheiro portuguez 1728 - surveying equipment

canons and munitions - 1729

Survey map - Petipe fort 1728

Fort trench defence survey map

Praca - fort defense survey map 1729 Portugal

Portuguese fort defense 1729

Exagono map of fortification engineering strategies 1729

From: 'O engenheiro portuguez..' in 2 volumes (1728, 1729) by Manuel de Azevedo Fortes.

plant part images - Portuguese natural history 1788

plant part images a - Portuguese natural history 1788

plant part images b - Portuguese natural history 1788

From: 'Diccionario dos termos technicos de historia natural extrahidos das obras de Linnéo..' by Domenico Vandelli 1788.

There is an extensive selection of historic science monographs from Portugal at the University of Porto's Faculty of Science. It's a great site with thumbnail views. (probably via Archivalia)

2 Polish kids book images - Jan Kochanowski 1930 - Treny

2 Polish kids book images a - Jan Kochanowski 1930 - Treny

2 Polish kids book images b - Jan Kochanowski 1930 - Treny

From the Polish childrens' book 'Treny' with illustrations by Zofia Stryjenska from 1930 (accompanying 16th century poetry by Jan Kochanowski).

Polish heraldry book 1742

Polish heraldry book 1742 allegorical family trees

Allegorical family trees in Polish heraldry book by Jabłonowski

From: 'Heraldica to iest osada kleynotow rycerskich y wiadomosc znakow herbownych' by Józef Aleksander Jabłonowski, 1772.

[These 2 Polish books were found somewhere among the extensive and exceptional Digital Library of Poland]

medieval Dutch bible - priest with lion

From 'Niederländische Historienbibel', 15th century
(Bayerische Staatsbibliothek).

Achaemenid Empire - half buried statues from a cave

This (truncated and spliced) image depicts half-buried statues from Cornelis de Bruijn's 1718 book 'Voyages de Corneille le Brun par la Moscovie, en Perse, et aux Indes Occidentales'. The statues are from the area near Persepolis (Naqsh-i-Rustam in Iran). They date to the Achaemenid Empire (~550-330 BC).

It comes from the extensive MAVI site (Musée Achéménide Virtuel et Interactif) which presents an inventory of the heritage relating to the historical space and time during which the Middle East from the Indus to the Mediterranean was under the control of the Achaemenid Persian empire. Many world universities are involved. I have to say that when I was playing around in this site a week or 2 ago I found it to be quite frustrating/annoying. But there is a 15 minute film in computerspeak english that explains how to use the site, which of course I didn't watch because I'm a male. [pdf background]

Persian cosmography map

'Delight of Hearts' -
an early 17th century copy of a Persian cosmography map
by Zakariya' ibn Muhammad Qazwini. (from Rylands Library)

Allegory on the death of the Earl of Arundel - Wenceslaus Hollar

'Allegory on the death of the Earl of Arundel' by Wenceslaus Hollar.

Aeneas in the underworld. engraving by Wenceslaus Hollar

'Aeneas in the underworld. State 2' by Wenceslaus Hollar.

The University of Toronto Libraries have a brand new and very large web exhibition of some 2,500 works by 17th century Czech-English artist, Wenceslaus Hollar. It is a fantastic site with mouseover enlargements, print categories for easy browsing and a flash zoom if the large images somehow aren't good enough.

Albrecht von Eyb - The book of Marriage - man in sailing boat

Albrecht von Eyb - The book of Marriage - alchemical illustration

Albrecht von Eyb - The book of Marriage - 15th century

The 3 images above come from a 15th century compilation manuscript featuring the 2 major works of German humanist, Albrecht von Eyb: 'Ehebüchlein' (The Marriage Book) and 'Spiegel der Sitten' (The Mirror of Morals). The manuscript has quite a few (what appear to be) zodiac-like vignettes through its 60 pages and is online at Die Bayerische Staatsbibliothek. {illustrations start p26; click 'Miniaturansicht').

Hamburg map 1730

The University of Hamburg have a number of beautiful historic maps and views of the city including the 1730 map (spliced from screencaps) above by J Covens & C Mortier.

[click everything in sight for larger versions (in most cases)]

Many of these books and illustrators could have made up material for individual posts (and may do in the future) but sometimes I just have to at least partially empty the desktop and clear my head.


lotusgreen said...

love the girl with the birds. the style kind of reminds me of these: http://www.marlamallett.com/t-2296.htm

Aeron said...

My skull's going to explode from all the amazing imagery!

peacay said...

It is an unusual style Lotusgreen. I was just looking around - Zofia Stryjenska is pretty famous (see for instance: a, b, c, d). She died in 1984.

Aeron, make sure someone has a sketch pad and pencil when you reach your singularity. I promise I will post the outcome.

Wood said...

According to the link you provided, your first picture doesn't match the description of Le Freminet's system.

It says his device included a hermetical leather suit with a copper helmet which was connected by two tubes to an egg-shaped air container. Also it was the first system where the air container was attached to the back. I have no idea what the picture is supposed to represent, then.

And he did not die from testing his device. He used it successfully several times in ten years, including one time where he stayed 32 minutes underwater at the "Pont-Marie" in Paris. But it says he was lucky no to die because there was no system for evacuating the CO2, which he didn't know existed.

peacay said...

Thanks w o.

Freminet's death is cited here.

And of course, I wasn't certain about the picture being his device. But you're right - these obviously better fit the description.

Karla said...

Believe it or not, Toyen used Klingert's diving suit in her collage for the cover of André Breton's Spojité nádoby (Communicating Vessels).

zazie said...

Oh! those are great! my image was just a joke about political situation of our Prime Minister. Nothing to recommend.

But here you have great stuff. Congratulations

lotusgreen said...

wonderful! thanks. i especially liked her polish dances.

Unknown said...

The 'Triton' is not from Freminet. It seems to have been designed by Friedrich von Drieberg.
Here is an illustration of Monsieur Freminet's contraption.

Monsieur Freminet might have designed 2 machines. The first one gave him an autonomy of only 5 minutes (I couldn't find an illustration of it). Version 2.0 was much bulkier. It might have allowed the 35 minutes dive mentioned in several articles.
Problem is that most articles seem to have been copied from one source and this source is doubtful.
Anyway, Freminet's contraption is beautiful :-)

PS: I come every week to your site. I like it very much. Thanks

peacay said...

Thanks very much Xavier. I just *knew* I was going to get myself in a bit of trouble with those images!

Here's the complete page in english for the Freminet image you linked.

Xavier from Lexilogos??? If yes - I love digging around your site from time to time.

peacay said...

Steam Journal points out the actual link to the Japanese political print and notes what I hadn't seen: there's a link to a large good quality pdf version at the bottom of the page.

woolgathersome said...

Thank you for sharing these splintered remains - that must have felt satisfying - clearing the space!

Those maps of Tahiti and Hawaii are almost like little abstract drawings! Beautiful. And the Persian cosmography map is amazing. Not to mention the images from the Polish children's book...

pRiyA said...

hi pk,
i just stumbled on this great website and HAD to share it with you.
i've seen drescher's illustrations before, but the site shows his bookworks which are terrific.

Anonymous said...

"Treny" ("Laments") isn't a children book!!!
See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Laments_(Treny)

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