Monday, November 22, 2010

Isla de Cuba Pintoresca

The Picturesque Island of Cuba

Entrada del Puerto de la Habana tomada desde el Colegio de Sn. CarlosEntrada del Puerto de La Habana tomada desde el Colegio de Sn. Carlos
Entrance to the Port of Havana taken from San Carlos School

Alameda de PaulaAlameda de Paula
Paula Boulevard

Cafetal la Ermita en las Lomas del CuscoCafetal la Ermita en las Lomas de Cusco
The Ermita Coffee plantation in the hills of Cusco

Casa de Beneficencia (Habana)Casa de Beneficiencia (Habana)
Havana Orphanage

Puente de la Carniceria en MatanzasPuente de la Carniceria en Matanzas
Butchery bridge in Matanzas

Teatro de Tacon (Habana)Teatro de Tacon (Habana)
Tacon theater (Havana)

Paradero del Camino de Hierro (Habana).Paradero de Camino de Hierro (Habana)
Havana railway station

Vista de la Entrada del Paseo de Tacon (Habana)Vista de la entrada del Paseo de Tacon (Habana)
View of the entrance to the Tacon promenade (Havana)

Vista del Gran Mercado de CubaVista del Gran Mercado de Cuba
View of the Great Market of [Santiago de] Cuba

Vista del Templete y Parte de la Plaza de ArmasVista del Templete y parte de la Plaza de Armas
View of the temple and part of the Military Parade Ground Plaza

Iglesia y Camino de Hierro de ReglaIglesia y Camino de Hierro de Regla
Regla Church and railroad

Iglesia y Plaza de GuinesIglesia y Plaza de Güines
Güines Church and plaza

Muelle de CaballeriaMuelle de Caballeria
Cavalry pier

Thirty two lithographs from the album, 'Isla de Cuba Pintoresca' are available online via the Cuban Heritage Collection among the University of Miami Libraries Digital Collections [[Digital Initiatives homesite]]

The album is exceedingly rare, so rare in fact that nobody seems to know just how many illustrations were originally issued. The lithographs were published through a monthly subscription between 1839 and 1842 but only later editions, from the mid-1850s, appear to be 'complete' (complete being 27 plates and 2 maps; whereas the original series may have included up to 49 plates). Original incomplete sets fetch over $10,000 when they surface at auction every decade or so and even the later 1855 edition(s) sell for more than $5000.

The value of the prints comes not just from their relative scarcity, but because the chromolithographs are widely regarded as the finest pictorial record of daily life in Cuba in the 19th century. The views include urban/landmark prospects in Havana and other port cities, scenes of daily life, folk customs and the period costumes of the people, including Afro-Cubans and European visitors. The cumulative effect of these diverse visual compositions is to bring the vibrancy of the island to life.

The artist responsible for the album (no text) was the Frenchman, (Pierre Toussaint) Fréderic Mialhe (1810-1881), who lived in Cuba for sixteen years from 1838. Mialhe was hired as a landscape artist for a fledgling French lithography firm in Cuba that came to overtake the established Spanish printshop run by the Costa brothers. Part of the reason for the confusion surrounding the the numbers in Mialhe's first series was due to his providing three somewhat similar lithographic suites during his time in Cuba. They are: 'Isla de Cuba', 'Isla de Cuba Pintoresca' and 'Viaje Pintoresco al Rededor de la Isla de Cuba'. Each series was published in multiple editions and in various languages, quickly obscuring the true record of production.


plaisanter said...

Thanks so much for this post! I think it's fascinating that the album had no text; I can't draw any parallels (due to my shocking ignorance of history). And on a side note, the eleventh litho shows a train and its track in shallow water. Is it just me or is that wierd? And can you make out what it's hauling?

4ojos said...

Excellent. Thanks a lot for sharing. me too I´m dazzled about the acua-train on plate 11

Néstor Díaz de Villegas said...

Amazing, Cuba was a more livable country then! The freed slaves were happy and dancing in the streets without any laws penalizing public gatherings, the places were well kept!! Colonial time seems like an advanced stage in our civilization, compared to our present decadence.

peacay said...

Thanks. Yeah, that train caught my eye too. My (big) guess is that the train is dedicated to ferrying coffins: I presume that building up from the terminus is a church. I would not be a lot of money on it, but I would be some. $5 at 2:1
But the train line in the water is kind of crazy.

peacay said...

And where I say "be", I mean of course "BET"

Yamil Cuéllar said...

wonderful. One of the pictures show the great "Fiesta de Reyes" (Kings Party)mean carnaval made for the slaves. Thanks!

Anonymous said...

Is anyone familiar with Litho "VISTA DE LA ENTRADA DE MATANZAS POR LA PARTE DE PUEBLO NUEVO"? I have a black and white copy...shows boats in canal with buildings on both sides and a walking bridge in the distance connecting the two sides. I have searched everywhere and this is the closest I've come to identifying it. I was hoping it would be included in examples provided on this page. Thanks.

peacay said...

I'm not sure if this helps but the Mantanzas print is on the Cuba Museo site in very small format. They have a contact page so you might start there with questions. Good luck.

Anonymous said...

I will do that -- thanks so much!

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