Tuesday, November 28, 2006

Furttenbach Architectura

garden coquillage designs

coquillage decoration

coquillage design for garden

palace garden, fort and moat

halintro pyrobolia

vue d'un navire de guerre

navire tirant le canon

vue d'un port fortifié et d'une canonade

vue de la proue d'un navire à trois mâts

vue de profil d'un navire à deux mâts

vue complète d'un navire à trois mâts

vue de la proue d'un navire à deux mâts

Furttenbach's intimate garden courtyard with a small grotto

coupe d'une fontaine-grotte rocaille

cinq modèles de fenêtres

architectura privata

architectura universalis frontpiece

baroque canon

architectura universalis fortress designs

furttenbach baroque canon

mini baroque canon design

harbour fortress design

miniature baroque canon and mounting

miniature baroque canon in wheeled mounting

Architectura recreationis theatre scene

Although Joseph Furttenbach (1591-1667) spent the majority of his life in Ulm in southern Germany, it was a 10 year stay in Italy in his youth that informed his later professional output as an architect and author. He studied engineering, military architecture and stage design while in Tuscany and Florence and was influential in promoting design elements of the italian and french baroque schools in Germany.

Furrtenbach was something of a polymath and held various governmental positions in Ulm (including City Architect) where his interests included: cartography, chemistry (he described numerous gunpowder experiments he did himself in his pyrotechnics treatise), bridge, ship and organ building as well as elite home garden design.

"Furttenbach describes the grotto in his garden as being filled with artifice and exotica, including shell-encrusted sculptures and waterworks, painted cosmological imagery, and mirrors. His garden is a kind of open-air museum where the plants constitute the valued, living statues. The flowers are identifiable as the most sought after and costly bulbs of the period, the narcissus, tulip, fritillary, and crown imperial, demonstrating Furttenbach's knowledge of current botanical research."
'Architectura Universalis' (the canon series of images above) remains his best remembered work - "[a] treatise on the engineering and building of fortifications, trenches, barracks, military schools, hospitals, lazarettos, bridges, moats, boats and boat-yards, guns, canons, and much more."

There have been various compilations of Furttenbach's works released and I'm reasonably confused as to which images (scattered across the internet) derive from which original book. To the best of my very limited understanding, his major works (all of which are represented above I believe) are:

--'Halintro-Pyrobolia'. 1627 (or: 'essays on guns, fireworks, sulfur, coal, and other substances used in the manufacture of explosives')
--'Architectura Civilis'. 1628
--'Architectura Martialis' 1629
--'Architectura Universalis'. 1635
--'Architectura Recreationis'. 1640 (stage and theatre design)
--'Architectura Privata' 1641
--'Mannhafter Kunst-Spiegel' 1663 (synthesis of previous architectural interests but combined with ideas about navigation, geography, astronomy and perspective)


xenmate said...

what do the first three prints represent?

pk said...

Yeah, sorry - I was tossing up whether to include the image titles as mouseovers or extra text but ended up leaving them as alt-tags because they are in french. (click img-properties)

Those 3 images are designs for shell ornaments (coquillage) for addition to garden walls or grottoes.

Anonymous said...

Isn't it amazing to think of the imaginations people had before the invention of television.....

lotusgreen said...

charmed, i am just charmed by all the choices from the insects to here. thanks!

Freudian Slip said...

It is sad Lone Beader isn't it? To think about how creativity is doomed to continue to plummet with future generations.

JMU said...

I open a page in french about "Architectura Navalis".

I link toward you.


Jm Urvoy
Paris - France.

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