1941, edited by Harold Wheeler -
scanned and posted online in June by Laputan Logic.
[from 'Der Mensch als Industriepalast' -- 'Man as Industrial Palace' 1926].
I found the image at Hyde Park who tell us that it's actually a poster and
that the illustration was done by Georg Helbig (nothing much online about him).
I cleaned up the background a little.
'The Life of Humans' -- found on this University of Konstanz subsite.
A much larger version is available at the dutch Debalie site.
thought it was relevant again here. It may not be quite in the same
symbolic style as Kahn but this 1708 woodcut juxtaposition of human
anatomy with a building nonetheless conveys the idea of compartmentalising
and functional specialising. It is by Dr. Toviyah Kats from a Hebrew encylopedia.
After coming across a website at the British Library devoted to Fritz Kahn's metaphorical anatomy illustrations I went off searching, expecting that they belonged to a genre and that there would be at least a number of other examples around.
That still may be the case but they don't easily turn up using a bunch of relevant search terms. If anyone else knows of other images of human anatomy drawn as factories and machines please leave a comment or email me.
From the paucity of information online about the Jewish scientist +/- doctor, Fritz Kahn (1888-1968), we find out that he released a number of books in the early part of the 20th century. The obvious common trait about his illustrations is that he places the human body in a sort of industrial modernity.
I find this work particularly interesting because Kahn manages both to present the metaphor of the human body as a factory whilst simultaneously reflecting the mechanised times he lived in. Technological and industrial advancements by way of turbines and telephones and projectors and conveyor belts and other elements of automation give his work an air of 'futurism'. Wonderful stuff.
His religion and outspoken advocacy for social reform meant that Kahn was at risk during the rise of nazism. He was among the lucky couple of thousand prominent Jewish (and other, at risk) persons that were helped out of Europe by the underground American people smuggler, Varian Fry.
- 'Fritz Kahn's Body Machines' at the British Library - strangely, they don't give bibliographic details for the selection of images they have on display.
- 'Dreaming the Industrial Body - Fritz Kahn's Modernist Physiology' at the National Library of Medicine; part of the 'Dream Anatomy' web exhibition.
- UPDATE (Jan. 2010): recently a dual English/German monograph called 'Fritz Kahn: Man Machine Maschine Mensch' by Uta and Thilo von Debschitz was published, featuring over 200 of Khan's illustrations (reviews I've seen are very favourable). More: Fritz Khan site.