et cognoscendi et curandi fidelissime traduntur
Samuel Hafenreffer 1660 (detail)
lequel la chirurgie a repris la queue du serpent
Jean Michault 1672
melancholia hypochondriaca tractatus
Malachias Geiger 1652 (detail)
100 Frontispieces de Livres de Médecine du 16e Siècle au Début de 19e Siècle is a fantastic exhibition (in french) of the opening images from treatises issued over 3 centuries, at the Bibliothèque Interuniversitaire de Médecine. It's a part-Flash site and all of the images are wonderfully large (although I couldn't get them to load from the index -- firefox on windows)
Even leaving aside the translation, I found the details in many of the images to be thorougly interesting -- it's possible to discern many weird and wonderful treatment modalities just by looking at the pictures. Everything from insane asylums to gardening to surgery and pharmacy.
[Some artifact has been erased - most particularly from library stamps! Oy.]
I've previously compiled a list of historical medical images online but I'm reasonably confident that I haven't seen the majority of images from the above exhibition.
(And thanks very much to Cliopatria. I'm a bit shocked. But happy. Cheers!)