I've mentioned the Accademia dei Lincei (Lynx Academy) previously. A dispute among the members over the Copernican world view caused it to disband in ~1630. Soon after, Galileo was condemned by the church. The seat of learning for science shifted away from Rome to Naples and Florence as a consequence.
In 1657 the Accademia del Cimento was founded in Florence. Although it was relatively short lived, its secretary, Lorenzo Magalotti, compiled a groundbreaking volume of 10 years of the Academy's experiments in 1666. Saggi di Naturali Esperienze ("Essays on Natural Experiments") which included the work of Torricelli among others also has 75 full page engravings.
Academy members "worked together at experimentation of all sorts and eschewed speculative thinking. Together they worked out new research methods, invented new instruments, and devised better standards of measurement." Essays was regarded as the founding of modern physics and had widespread influence. It was translated and republished in a number of languages over a couple of centuries.
The Instituto E Museo Di Storia Della Scienza have the whole Saggi di Naturali Esperienze manuscript online (in fact they also have a number of subsequent editions available - although some of the engravings were remade and a few extra illustrations included, there were none that I found of any great aesthetic value - they are mildly interesting for comparing engraving qualities)
Tuesday, November 08, 2005
Posted by peacay at 7:58 pm