Sunday, September 25, 2005

Astronomické České




Manuscript Title: Textus varii
Date: 14th or 15th century
Text Script: Latin
Repository: Královská kanonie premonstrátů na Strahově, Praha
Website: Demo Versions of Complete Documents - Czech Manuscriptorium Memoria Project

My best search efforts failed to turn up much more by way of information, although I'm copying in the Latin/Czech notations from this manuscript as a comment. Fully half of the 150-odd page manuscript are illustrations in a similar vein to those above. I saved these images in the supposedly poor quality mode to avoid an imprinted watermark, but I don't think there was much loss of quality. Each of the 8 or so 'demo' manuscripts open in a modified window allowing for zoom and multiple page previews. Please educate me if anyone knows anything about Textus varii. Of course 'various texts' doesn't quite have the same ring of authenticity now does it?

5 comments:

pk said...

Country: Česká republika

Settlement: Praha

Repository: Strahovská knihovna

Shelf-number: DA II 13
Document Heading

Title: [Textus varii]

Author: [Al-Súfí]

Text Language: LA

Note: Astronomické určení vyobrazení souhvězdí nebylo doposud provedeno!

Date of Origin: 14. století
Document Contents

1r-48v: Hvězdný atlas (Catalogus stellarum fixarum).

1r: Forme et stelle. Stelle Urse.

1v: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stelle urse Maioris.

2r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Ille que sunt sub [patronatis] stellis urse maioris et non sunt [sunt] in [forma].

3r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stelle Draconis.

4r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Stelle et forme. Stellatio cheichius latine et ipse est inflamatur.

5r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Stelle et forme. Stellatio theginus et ipse est ululans autem intentio est uociferans.

6r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Stelle et forme. Stellatio corone septemtrionalis et est elfecta.

6v: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. algchiethi super grenu ipsius et nominatus saltator etiam.

7r: Illarum ergo excepta hac stella. 28 stellarum in magnitudine tertia.

7v: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio alore et est uultus ... et est restudo.

8r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio ensini et est uolans et iam uocatur galina et dicitur erisini qui redolens ut lilium ab ydeo.

9r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio habentis palmam debelitam.

10r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio thelcub cuius nomine in latino est presens et est deferens capitis algol.

11r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio retinentis hienas 1 alaiae et nominatur latine atrixu et nominatur alianac 21 colanius.

12r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio alfeichus et est alaunue 1 effemiantus et est lator serpentis.

12v: Que sunt arca alangue et non sunt in forma.

13v: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio istuse et nominatur arabice iala hanc re et est nun.

14r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio aquile et uultus uolans.

15r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio delfini et est ex piscibus maris.

15v: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio equi prioris.

16r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio equi secundi.

17r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio andromade etiam uocatur mulier catenata et nominatur mulier qua non uidit magnitudo.

19r: Stelle formarum septemtrionalium. Forme et stelle. Stellatio trianguli.

19v: Stelle que sunt in cingulo orbis signorum.

20v: Forme et stelle. Stallatio tauri.

21r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio Thauri.

22r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio geminorum et est aliorae.

23r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio cancri.

24r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio leonis.

24v: Forme et stelle. Que sunt circa leonem et non sunt in forma.

25v: Forme et stelle. Stellatio uirginis et est spica.

26r: Forme et stelle. Que sunt circa uiginem et non sunt in forma.

27r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio Arubeuen et est libra.

28r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio scorpionis.

29r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio sagitarii et est arcus.

30r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio alcauturus et eius expeditio cum huius cornua yrci et cum capricornus.

31r: Forme et stelle. Stellatio yrhidinus et eius expeditio cum hauritor aque et cum aquatius.

31v: Forme et stelle. Stellatio eiusdem aquarii

49r-56r: Ex libro magistri summae proprietarum de adamante.

57r-64r: De adamante.

65r-66v: Liber de virtutibus verborum lapidibus pretiosis apropriatorum.

67r-68r: Liber de virtutibus herbarum lapidibus pretiosis apropriatarum.

68v-74r: Liber de virtutibus et proprietatibus sigillorum lapidibus pretiosis in sculptorum a Thehele astrologorum populi Ysrael porisina compositus.
Physical Description
Decoration

1r: Ve zlaceném kruhovém medailonu říšská orlice. Dvě černé věže s hradbou v červeném poli štítu. Dvě červené věže s hradbou ve zlatém poli štítu. Malý medvěd. Ornamentální bordura.
Decoration

2v: Velký medvěd
Decoration

3v: Drak
Decoration

4v: Inflamatus
Decoration

5v: Herkules
Decoration

6r: Severní koruna
Decoration

7r: Saltator
Decoration

7v: Alor
Decoration

8v: Pták
Decoration

9v: Cassiopea
Decoration

10v: Perseus
Decoration

11v: Vozka
Decoration

13r: Hadonoš
Decoration

13v: Lyra
Decoration

14v: Orel
Decoration

15r: Delfín
Decoration

15v: Kůň
Decoration

16v: Pegas
Decoration

17v: Andromeda
Decoration

18r: Žena s rybami
Decoration

18v: Žena s rybou
Decoration

19r: Trojúhelník
Decoration

20r: Skopec
Decoration

21v: Býk
Decoration

22v: Blíženci
Decoration

23v: Rak
Decoration

25r: Lev
Decoration

26v: Panna
Decoration

27v: Váhy
Decoration

28v: Štír
Decoration

29v: Střelec
Decoration

30v: Kozoroh
Decoration

32r: Vodnář
Decoration

33v: Ryba
Decoration

34v: Leviatan
Decoration

36r: Orion
Decoration

37r: Eridanus
Decoration

37v: Zajíc
Decoration

38v: Velký pes
Decoration

39r: Malý pes
Decoration

40v-41r: Argo
Decoration

42v-43r: Had
Decoration

43v: Váza
Decoration

44r: Havran
Decoration

45v: Vlk
Decoration

46v: Ohniště
Decoration

47v: Jižní koruna
Decoration

48v: Ryba
Decoration

49r: Iniciála A. Ornamentální bordura.
Decoration

57r: Iniciála A. Ornamentální bordura.
Decoration

65r: Iniciála E. Ornamentální bordura.
Support
pergamen

Extent: (Dimensions: ) I + 75 + I ff.
Additional information
Administrative Information

Description History

Source

Popis vytvořen: 29.10.2003

Change

Item: Poslední editace: 29.10.2003

jmb said...

Beautiful! Googling tells me Al-Sufi would be Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi, the 10th-century Persian astronomer. Looks like this book must be based on his "Suwar al-kawakib".

pk said...

Thanks for that jmb. This post was the one that I most wondered about.

"ca. 1650; al-Sufi's Suwar al-Kawakib (Treatise on the Fixed Stars)" --- from LofCongress.

I just love the pictures.

Diana K Rosenberg said...

THANK YOU!! Your site has blown me away, especially the Al Sufi constellation pictures! (I'm a fixed star and constellations researcher); your "WolfSnake" is Draco, the Dragon, "LionFish" is almost certainly Cetus, the Sea-Monster, "Goat-Fish" is of course Capricornus, "ManBeast" is Centaurus and Lupus. Can you post more? PLEASE? Diana K Rosenberg

pk said...

Heh. Thanks Diana. From my fading memory, there are at least 4 or 5 other posts with astronomical figures...or maybe 8 or 16 - I forget.

I'm always looking out for the old manuscript images but unfortunately, the Czech manuscriptorium only has a small amount of material available without subscription - and they really have a wealth of ancient material in their pay-to-view vaults.

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