Wednesday, June 13, 2007

Simiarum et Vespertilionum

Pithecia hirsuta and Mycetes barbarus

Pithecia capillamentosa and Pithecia inusta

Mycetes fuscus and Iacchus penicillatus

Midas oedipus and Iacchus albicollis

Midas mystax and Mycetes barbarus

Callithrix cinerascens and Cebus macrocephalus

Callithrix cuprea and Mycetes stramineus

Callithrix nigrifrons and Gastrigmagus olivaceus

Cebus gracilis and Cebus unicolor

Midas bicolor AND pygmaeus and Nyctipithecus felinus

Ape and Human skulls

Brachyteles macrotarsus and Callithrix amicta

Brachyuris israelita and Callithrix gigot


more bats

Zoologist, Johann Baptist von Spix, and botanist, Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius were sent as part of an official Austrian scientific expedition to Brazil to coincide with a marriage between a Bavarian princess and Portuguese Prince who would later become the King of Brazil.

"From 1817 to 1820, traveling separately or together at different stages, Spix's and Martius's explorations in the interior of the country turned out to be one of the most important scientific expeditions of the 19th century. Despite illnesses and harrowing obstacles Spix went up the Amazon River and through its jungles as far as the frontier with Peru.

They were the first Europeans to explore these areas since La Condamine in the 1730s/40s , and "their collections - including 85 species of mammals, 350 species of birds, nearly 2,700 species of insects, and fifty-seven living animals - provided material for a vast number of works," as the Dictionary of Scientific Biography notes."
Included among the many publications was Spix's 1823 book, 'Simiarum et Vespertilionum Brasiliensium Species Novae', online at the Smithsonian Institution. The 38 plates are very often stylised, with the addition of human facial features, but are not quite as outlandish as the fanciful pictures Schreber published in the 1770s - seen in a previous post. Coincidentally, Martius was good friends with Schreber, and although a few of the above images seem familiar to me (probably from compilations), none were obviously copied from Schreber's books.

Tuesday, June 12, 2007

Simon Haendel's Stammbuch

horserider bending tree branch

man and woman tug-of-war

painted coat of arms

people stuffed into grinder

red painted coat of arms

another red painted coat of arms

group fencing training

lute serenading woman

painted checkered armorial

black and gold painted armorial

painted figure of libra/justice

painted armorial with border details

1591 coat of arms

painted parade

fencers practicing

coat of arms - painted

fortuna on a wave

man and 3 women

This book, owned by Simon Haendel, is at once both a stammbuch (friend's book) and a wappenbuch (armorial). The entries appear to have been compiled in the 1590s and the handwritten greetings that I read from a quick review (I've had these images for ages) are all in latin. The thing I remember that caught my eye was the vignette showing people being stuffed into what looks like a grinder. (4th from top) That is really weird. Unless it's meant to be a doll factory or??

The book is hosted by the Research Library in Olomouc, in the Moravian region of the Czech Republic. Hint: there are quite a few blank pages. Page across using the thumbnails rather than the links at the bottom of the page in order to see all the images (maybe I've posted half??).

Previously: Bavarian Wappenbuch; Stammbuch 1/2-way through post; from Holland: Liber Amicorum; Alba Amicorum. Also: Olomouc at wikipedia.

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