Wednesday, June 13, 2007

Simiarum et Vespertilionum

Pithecia hirsuta and Mycetes barbarus


Pithecia capillamentosa and Pithecia inusta


Mycetes fuscus and Iacchus penicillatus


Midas oedipus and Iacchus albicollis


Midas mystax and Mycetes barbarus


Callithrix cinerascens and Cebus macrocephalus


Callithrix cuprea and Mycetes stramineus


Callithrix nigrifrons and Gastrigmagus olivaceus


Cebus gracilis and Cebus unicolor


Midas bicolor AND pygmaeus and Nyctipithecus felinus


Ape and Human skulls


Brachyteles macrotarsus and Callithrix amicta


Brachyuris israelita and Callithrix gigot


bats


more bats

Zoologist, Johann Baptist von Spix, and botanist, Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius were sent as part of an official Austrian scientific expedition to Brazil to coincide with a marriage between a Bavarian princess and Portuguese Prince who would later become the King of Brazil.

"From 1817 to 1820, traveling separately or together at different stages, Spix's and Martius's explorations in the interior of the country turned out to be one of the most important scientific expeditions of the 19th century. Despite illnesses and harrowing obstacles Spix went up the Amazon River and through its jungles as far as the frontier with Peru.

They were the first Europeans to explore these areas since La Condamine in the 1730s/40s , and "their collections - including 85 species of mammals, 350 species of birds, nearly 2,700 species of insects, and fifty-seven living animals - provided material for a vast number of works," as the Dictionary of Scientific Biography notes."
Included among the many publications was Spix's 1823 book, 'Simiarum et Vespertilionum Brasiliensium Species Novae', online at the Smithsonian Institution. The 38 plates are very often stylised, with the addition of human facial features, but are not quite as outlandish as the fanciful pictures Schreber published in the 1770s - seen in a previous post. Coincidentally, Martius was good friends with Schreber, and although a few of the above images seem familiar to me (probably from compilations), none were obviously copied from Schreber's books.

8 comments :

bioephemera said...

Those bats are really well-done! I wish they were each rendered larger, like the primates, which have such varied and mischievous facial expressions. The bats look slightly diabolical, but it's hard to tell.

Karla said...

Agreed on the bats, they look impressively much like the taxidermy kind although I'm sure live ones are a bit fluffier.

Athena said...

Hi there,
u have a very interesting blog. i would like to ask u a few q's. where can i mail u?

pk said...

athena, I left an answer on your blog yesterday but in case you didn't realise it was me..
peacay#gmailDOTcom
where # = @
and DOT = .

(and yeah, I wished for high def bats too. Beggars and all that..)

fish tick said...

Hi peacay-
just letting you know that this one got an effpeepee at MoFi. As you should have expected, I suppose!
-fish tick

pk said...

Thanks fish tick! I did espy a telltale inbound link a while ago. It was playing to a captive audience really.

R2K said...

: )

Joey said...

Paul, I just discovered your blog. It is insanely great. Thanks for the great images.

BTW: When you get a chance, check out my blog: http://anonymousworks.blogspot.com/

Thanks,

Joey.

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